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Statutory Employment Rights in Canada


Statutory employment rights imply the fundamental rights of an employee in his workplace. Canadian law enlists basic employment rights for both the native and the foreign employees, which gives them a secured environment in their workplaces.

Major Statutory Employment Rights in Canada

Canadian law has a particular section for the rights of the employees. This law talks about the fundamental rights of an employee in his workplace. Every company or business organization is asked to make a list of the statutory employment rights in Canada.

These should be hung on the wall so that the employees become aware of their rights. Among the many employment rights in Canada, statutory employment rights are as follows,

Basic Employment Rights

Different Canadian provinces and territories maintain different yet unique legislations about the basic rights of employees in their workplaces. Every company or business, whether it is small or large, must have security for the workers to meet up their basic employment rights.

These rights include payment at the right time, essential leaves, safety, and security in the workplace. Moreover, raising voice against any illegal actions or corruptions without any fear, rest periods, loan advantage in case of urgency are some of the rights. 

Canadian law, although most of the laws are federal, ensures these fundamental employment rights for the employees of all classes in their own respective workplaces.

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Equity in the Workplace

According to the Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA), equity, as well as equality, must be maintained in the workplace. Discrimination is strictly prohibited. Under this act, employees must not face any disparity because of their gender, age, social class, ethnicity, race, and other issues.

The company or the business needs to treat all the employees equally. Equity and equality in the workplace are the most common statutory employment rights. Another Canadian act is the Employment Equity Act (EEA) under the Justice De4partmnet of Canada. This act talks about the rights of physically disabled people, tribal or aboriginal people, and so on.

Freedom of Various Leaves

Every business organization or company contains a list of general annual leaves for the employees throughout a year. But some exceptional cases that need long-term leaves fall under the statutory employment rights of Canadian law.

These special leaves involve maternity and pregnancy leaves, paternity leaves, other paternal leaves, and medical leaves for serious health issues. Pregnancy and maternity leave usually takes 16 to 18 weeks for a female employee. Coming to the workplace is very dangerous and risky in those days for her. So the organization must ensure this long-term leave to her.

In some Canadian provinces such as Québec, paternity leave is granted for the male employees too, and some other paternal leaves are also there for both male and female employees. When a new baby is born, not only the mother but also the father has to carry out huge responsibilities for which this province provides paternity and paternal leaves.

Moreover, if any employee gets seriously injured, either inside or outside the company, he/she needs proper medical treatment. It may take 2 to 3 weeks or more than that. In that case, it is his/her statutory employment right to take leaves as per the need, and Canadian law entirely permits it.

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Resignation from Works

Canadian law about the statutory employment rights ascertains that if an employer wants to terminate any of his employees, he has to give a notice to that employee at least before one to eight weeks. There must be valid and logical reasons for which the employer decides to terminate the employee.

Getting the notice and learning the reasons for his rejection fall under his basic statutory employment rights. Therefore, if an employee faces any difficulties or threats while working, she/he possesses the right to resign from his job and connect with another company. The company can never interfere or force the employee on this issue. 

It is right to choose the best and comfortable workplace for him. Garden leave is hardly found in Canada. If any worker fails to finish the assigned work in due time, the employer can demand compensation rather than the garden leave.

Rights in Business

As the employees are the main wheel of a company or business organization, they have full right to learn the ins and outs of the business process. For example, they can demand to know who are the buyers, the give and take system, and level of interest, and so on.

It is their basic right in the workplace to know about business selling and buying details. But some companies have some restrictions about making the direct connection between the employees and the buyers. They have to connect through the company.

Rights for the Foreign Employees

Similar to the country employees, Canada also assures statutory employment rights for foreign employers. Foreign employees in Canada enjoy the right of getting enough payment according to their workloads.

They get the legal work permit and permission of their passport to work anywhere in the country. They possess the right of equal treatment like the native workers in all the issues such as food, shelter, wages, leaves, advantages and many more.

Canadian labor rights secure their safety and security in their workplaces. Foreign employees get the right to have a smooth banking and telecommunication system so that they can transfer money and stay connected with their natives. An employer can never assault a foreign employee either physically or verbally. 

Some offices in every province of Canada regulate these issues about foreign labor rights. If any foreign employee faces any troubles, they have full right to go there, know the rights properly, and claim complaints in that provincial court.


Statutory employment rights in Canada are very much strict and employee-friendly. They provide all the possible advantages an employee should have. Employees can freely enjoy their rights in the workplace. Canada ensures the same rights and treatments for foreign workers as similar to the natives. Statutory employment rights give employees security in the workplace.

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